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HAZUR MAHARAJ

Merciful Hazur Maharaj Radhasoami - The Redeemer


Hazur Maharaj

Hazur Maharaj was the true and the only successor of Param Purush Puran Dhani Soamiji Maharaj. Not only that He rendered service to His Guru in an unparalleled manner but also was he and he alone who revealed the name Radhasoami and discerned the identity between the Supreme Being Radhasoami and Param Purush Puran Dhani Soamiji Maharaj. He then addressed him as "Radhasoami Saheb".

The identification of Guru and Gurumukh was complete. Lalaji Maharaj has described in the biography of Hazur Maharaj that Soamiji Maharaj and Hazur Maharaj were not two but one. Though they appeared two in forms, they were really one in essence. The grace and mercy in abundance was refulgent in both of them in equal measures. No devotee was so near and dear to Soamiji Maharaj as Hazur Maharaj was. In His letters to Hazur Maharaj He addressed him as "Aziz-az-Jan" meaning dearer than self. In ecstasy, Grace and Mercy, once He said, "I do not know whether I am Rai Salig Ram's Guru or he is mine."

In deep meditation Hazur Maharaj listened to the resonance of the name "Radhasoami" coming from the topmost region of the creation and declared that Radhasoami besides true name of the Supreme Being, it is also an ever-reverberating sound. Soamiji Maharaj agreed and explained that true salvation can be attained only if a devotee adheres to the name "Radhasoami" and repeats it internally. Thus practice of repeating the five names became redundant.

Soamiji in his Grace brought forth his rare gift "Sar Bachan-Poetry", which is replete with the Glory and Splendour of Radhasoami Dayal.

Thus Soamiji Maharaj and Hazur Maharaj were Radhasoami Incarnate. It is therefore, logical to have a glimpse of Hazur Maharaj's life and work for a proper understanding of the task of true salvation accomplished by the Supreme Father Soamiji Maharaj.

Hazur Maharaj was born in a Kayastha family of Peepal Mandi, Agra on 14 March 1829. His father, Bahadur Singh, a lawyer of repute, was a highly religious and generous man. Throughout His academic career, Hazur Maharaj was a brilliant student. After completing his primary education in a maktab [Urdu school], he went to Agra College for higher studies. He passed the Senior Cambridge examination from this college in 1847 with distinction in Theology, English, Mathematics and Urdu. Subsequently he devoted himself to higher studies in Persian and Arabic. He also studied advanced books on religion, philosophy and astrology. He took great interest in learning Hindi and Sanskrit and within a short time acquired high proficiency in these languages. His ever-increasing thirst for knowledge knew no bounds. In 1881, He was appointed as the Postmaster General of the North Western Provinces of India, to be the first Indian to hold this coveted post.

He really desired to reveal unto himself the secrets of absolute Truth. Driven by an inner urge to seek a perfect guru, he visited many holy places in the country where he met many religious teachers and saints. He came to the conclusion that many reputed religious leaders were themselves labouring under delusion, and that they were deluding their disciples. Worldly achievements, howsoever great, had no significance for Hazur Maharaj. What really mattered to him was the guidance of a true preceptor who would satisfy his spiritual thirst. His long - cherished ambition was realised when he met Soamiji Maharaj in 1858; in whom he could discern a real guide in flesh and blood. For twenty long years (1858-1878), he served the guru in manner unparalleled in the annals of bhakti.

When in 1878, Soamiji Maharaj departed for His heavenly abode, Hazur Maharaj succeeded Him as the guru and inaugurated an era of consolidation in the history of Radhasoami Satsang. After His retirement from official duties, He finally settled at Agra and devoted His entire time to religious duties. For twenty years (1878-1898) He served humanity at large and spread the divine light of love which He had received from His master. He took very little food and slept less than four hours a day. Excessive work weakened him physically. He left for His heavenly abode on 6 December 1898 after a brief illness. Thousands of his followers rushed to Agra for His last darshan and paid homage to their benevolent guru. His Samadhi was built by His son Lalaji Maharaj at the very place where satsang was held.

Hazur Maharaj can be definitely and correctly styled as Messiah of Love. To Hazur Maharaj goes the credit of revealing the name Radhasoami. A recitation of this true name, according to Hazur Maharaj, would dissolve the ego, generate love, facilitate yoga and purify the body, mind and soul and would prove to be a true companion and a mighty weapon in the inward journey of the spirit. Hazur's ideal of guru-bhakti, which He himself practiced demonstrates the practicability of his theory. In the light of His enormous contribution to the Radhasoami faith, Hazur Maharaj can rightly be called its true founder. It was He who not only systematized the concepts and beliefs and formulated the essentials of the faith but also enunciated the code of moral conduct and practices for the followers. Hazur Maharaj gave the faith its noteworthy name, its vast organization, its large following and an incarnated Supreme Being - Soamiji Maharaj.

MEMORABLE EVENTS RELATED TO PPPD HAZUR MAHARAJ
Mar 14, 1829 Birth of PPPD Hazur Maharaj at 04:30 hours
1847 Joined the Postal Department as second clerk
Nov 21, 1858 His first meeting with PPPD Soamiji Maharaj on Sunday at 09:15 hours
1858 - 1878 Hazur Maharaj as Gurumukh (true disciple of Soamiji Maharaj)
1861 Request PPPD Soamiji Maharaj to establish the Satsang
1866 Divine Manifestation of PPPD Soamiji Maharaj as Radhasoami Dayal and revelation of Radhasoami Naam as Sat Naam (True Name of the Supreme Being)
Aug 31, 1871 The title of "Rai Bahadur" conferred on PPPD Hazur Maharaj by British Government
1876 PPPD purchased Soami Bagh and presented it at the Holy Feet of PPPD Soamiji Maharaj
1878 - 1898 PPPD Hazur Maharaj as Sant Sat Guru
Apr 28, 1881 To be the First Indian as Post Master General of North-West Province, India.
1884 Construction of Hazuri Bhawan
Feb 26, 1885 Holy Departure of respected Mataji (Hazur Maharaj's wife)
Feb 11, 1887 Resignation from government office for His time to Satsang
Dec 6, 1898 Holy Departure of PPPD Hazur Maharaj at 18:40 hours
1899 Construction of Samadh of PPPD Hazur Maharaj at Hazuri Bhawan, Peepal Mandi, Agra
1929 Construction of Chatri at the Samadh of PPPD Hazur Maharaj
THE WORKS OF PPPD HAZUR MAHARAJ
Publication of "Prem Baani Radhasoami" - Four Volumes
May 1, 1893 Volume I
1895 Volume II
1896 Volume III
1900 Volume IV

The original manuscripts of Prem Baani in Hindi verse in four parts are preserved at Hazuri Bhawan. A copy of the original manuscript is available at Soami Bagh Satsang also. The total number of hymns known as Shabds are 1164. Prem Baani is a very useful source of information regarding the tenets and essentials of the faith.

Publication of "Prem Patra Radhasoami" - Six Volumes
1894 Volume I (Published Bachan from May 1, 1893 - Apr 30, 1894)
1895 Volume II (Published Bachan from May 1, 1894 - Apr 30, 1895)
1896 Volume III (Published Bachan from May 1, 1895 - Apr 30, 1896)
1897 Volume IV (Published Bachan from May 1, 1896 - Apr 30, 1897)
1898 Volume V (Published Bachan from May 1, 1897 - Apr 30, 1898)
1899 Volume VI (Published Bachan from May 1, 1898 - Dec 1899)

Prem Patra was originally a fortnightly journal "Prem Patrika", published from Hazuri Bhawan, Peepal Mandi, Agra. It was lithographed and circulated among the followers. The manuscripts of this journal are preserved at the residence of Hazur Maharaj (Hazuri Bhawan). This journal contained the discourses and hymns of the second guru.
Later, the journal was discontinued and the discourses contained in it were published in six volumes.
Prem Patra forms the basic source of information regarding the Radhasoami faith.

1889 Publication of "Sar Upadesh"
1891 Publication of "Prem Upadesh"
The book is written in Hindi prose and is one of the earliest writings of second guru.
1892 Publication of "Nij Upadesh"
It is a small treatise on the Radhasoami Faith (also translated into Bengali).
1892 Publication of "Guru Upadesh"
The book vividly describes the essentials of the faith.
1892 Publication of "Prashnottar Sant-Mat"
The book contains the answers given by Hazur Maharaj to the questions and doubts raised by genuine seekers after Truth.
1895 Publication of "Radhasoami Mat Upadesh"
A small book dealing with the practices of the Satsang.
1895 Publication of "Radhasoami Mat Sandesh"
It is an exposition of the Radhasoami Faith (also translated into Bengali).
1896 Publication of "Bachan Mahatmao Ke"
This contains the sayings of some of the medieval saints, collected edited and published by Hazur Maharaj.
1897 Publication of "Jugat Prakash"
Hazur Maharaj has dealt at length with the difficulties and impediments which a devotee might experience during the practice of Surat-Shabd-Yoga.
1897 Publication of "Radhasoami Mat Prakash"
The book is written in English language. It contains a vivid exposition of the faith and is very useful both for the devotee and the critic.
1897 Publication of "Sant Sangrah"
The book in two volumes, contains Banis of medieval saints and of Soamiji Maharaj and Hazur Maharaj.
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Soamiji Maharaj Hazur Maharaj Lalaji Maharaj Kunwarji Maharaj Dadaji Maharaj